Arizona Snowcap cacti are awesome. There’s no other way to put it. They’re not only a beautiful-looking plant, but they’re also super easy to care for. They’re also non-toxic and ideal for keeping indoors.
As long as you plant it in a cacti soil, give it plenty of sun and water it sparingly, your Arizona Snowcap cactus should thrive. You won’t have to give it any special care, and it will brighten up your home with it’s beautiful white spines.
This article covers everything you need to know about caring for an Arizona Snowcap Cactus.
Appearance And Charecteristics
Arizona Snowcaps are often referred to by different scientific names. I’ve seen them called mammillaria gracilis Arizona Snowcap, mammillaria gracilis monstrose, and Mammillaria vetula subs. gracilis cv. Arizona Snowcap, just to name a few.
They are a beautiful, small cactus, with cylindrical stems that are covered in tubercles. On the surface of each tubercle are short, thick, white spines.
Arizona Snowcaps grow numerous offsets, giving them a clumpy appearance. This clumpy shape means the cactus is often as wide as it is tall. They typically reach up to 5 inches in both height and width (12.5cm).
The white spines give the Arizona Snowcap a striking appearance – but this goes to another level when it flowers in the Spring. These flowers are a creamy-yellow color and are about half an inch (1.25cm) wide. The flowers only last about a week, but I’ve seen it flower numerous times throughout Spring.
Best Soil For Arizona Snowcap Cactus
Like most cacti, Arizona Snowcaps need a well-draining soil. It you plant them in soil that retains moisture, you increase the risk of root rot, which is the most likely way your cactus will die.
So, rather than choosing a regular potting mix, opt for a mineral-rich, porous soil. This will give your Arizona Snowcap plenty of aeration and ensure excess water flows through the soil and away from the roots, reducing the risk of rot. It will also give your cactus the necessary nutrients and improve its resistance to disease.
As long as you keep it in the right kind of soil, Arizona Snowcaps don’t need a lot of fertilizer. I only ever give mine some at the start of Spring to help during the growing season.
Suitable Pots Or Containers
It’s important to keep Arizona Snowcaps in pots with drainage holes. This allows excess water to run away from the roots. They don’t like sitting in water, so if you keep the pot in a saucer, make sure to get rid of the excess whenever you water it.
I’ve kept one of my Arizona Snowcaps in a ceramic pot without a drainage hole, and it’s been fine because I water it sparingly. However, I only did this because I ran out of other pots. I intended to re-pot it, but it seemed to do well in this pot so I left it alone (though this is most likely because the plant is hardy, rather than the pot being suitable, so I will probably re-pot it before long).
How Often To Water Your Arizona Snowcap Cactus
Many cacti store excess water in their ribs, which allows them to go for long periods without rain. Arionza Snowcaps, however, store extra water in their tubercles. If you look closely, you’ll notice these expand slightly after watering your cactus.
Arizona Snowcap cacti should be watered sparingly. It’s not a plant you should ever sit in a saucer of water or expose to prolonged dampness. That’s because their roots will start to rot. By the time you realize the problem, it may be too late to save your cactus.
A good rule of thumb to follow is the soak and dry method. Give your cactus a generous amount of water, allowing excess moisture to drain away.
Once you’ve thoroughly soaked it, don’t water it again until it is completely dry. When in doubt, leave it an extra few days before watering. You’re much more likely to harm your cactus by overwatering it, than you are through neglect.
If you’re asking for a specific timeframe, I tend to water the cactus only once every 4-6 weeks in winter. During other times of the year, I water it every 1-3 weeks.
How Much Sun Does An Arizona Snowcap Need?
Like most cacti, Arizona Snowcaps need a lot of sunlight. If you keep it indoors like I do, the best spot is near a south-facing window (north-facing if you live in the southern hemisphere). You want to ensure it receives at least 4 hours of sun every day, but ideally you’ll give it more. Mine gets closer to 8 hours of sun and it loves it.
They are very hardy plants and can tolerate cold weather and light frost, though I never expose my cactus to temperatures below about 0°C (32°F). Keeping it in very cold temperatures for long periods puts the cactus at risk of freeze damage.
Pruning And Propagation Advice
It’s not necessary to prune an Arizona Snowcap. Its offsets are quite fragile and easy to knock off during transportation. If you do, you can quite easily propagate them by sticking them in a new pot, with the tip that used to be connected to the mother plant face-down. Give it a single water when you plant it, then refrain from doing so again for a few weeks.
After propagation, follow the regular care guide, give it plenty of sun and water sparingly. Your new cactus should grow quickly and within a few years start sprouting offsets of its own.
Arizona Snowcap Cacti are easy to care for, making them a great plant to keep inside your house or apartment. As long as you use a mineral-rich, porous soil, give it plenty of sunlight, and don’t over-water it, you shouldn’t have any problem keeping it happy and healthy!